With the news of the Coronavirus spread, I thought to make some research and share the knowledge I gained from being aware of one of the major problems in the world today.
First things first, what does the word Corona mean?
Corona is a Latin word that means wreath or crown. In Anatomy, it is a part of the body that is likened to a crown.
What is the Coronavirus and Why is it called that?
It is a virus that resembles a crown. If you look through an electron microscope, you get to see a series of proteins on the surface of the virus which looks like a crown, and that was how the name was gotten.
Unknown to most of us, this virus has been around for some time. It is a family of viruses called Coronaviridae and there are several of those viruses that have been transmitted from animals to humans; SARS and the Middle East respiratory syndrome, MERS. This new strain of virus is called COVID-19 and it was first confirmed in an animal market in Wuhan, China.
As of Tuesday, WHO declared the virus outbreak a pandemic disease. This does not necessarily mean that the symptoms are more serious or the disease is more deadly.
It is only to make us understand that the virus is confirmed to have spread worldwide. Moreover, the fatality rate is recorded to be low compared to the number of infected people.
Criteria for a Pandemic disease
- A virus that can cause illness or death.
- Sustained person-to-person transmission of the virus.
- Evidence of spread throughout the world.
What are the Symptoms of the Coronavirus?
Studies have shown that it has a similar symptom with the Rhinovirus or Influenza virus (the flu). They all affect the respiratory system and the symptoms are; difficulty breathing, coughing, muscle aches, tiredness, and fever.
When this new virus was taken a closer look at in infected patients, doctors realized that the virus affects the lower respiratory system rather than the upper one. It means that the virus is more deeply-rooted in the lungs, and breathing problems will be elevated.
For COVID-19, it is less likely to have an upper respiratory problem like running nose, sore throat which is caused by cold or the flu. Studies also show that children are the most protected from this new strain of the virus.
Who are those likely to get infected by the virus?
The truth is, our body is constantly fighting off pathogens, day in day out because our immune system is robust enough to fight them. But as we get older, the body weakens and the immune system reserve depletes. This is why the elderly and those with pre-existing conditions are most likely to be infected with the virus.
How does the virus spread?
If a person with coronavirus coughs or sneezes, the viral particles in the droplets can hang in the air or touch a surface. This can give enough time for people to breathe them in, touch the contaminated surface, and be infected.
Note: People should be aware that even if they do not show any symptoms of the virus, they can still spread it to others and ultimately infect them.
How afraid should we be?
The fact is that 80% of us are not going to be aware if we have the virus. This is because our immune system is big enough to fight them.
For a virus like this to be controlled, there are more preventive measures that we might have to take in the nearest future, like working from home. There should be no cause for alarm. Also, this post is to properly educate us on facts about the virus and to reduce panic in the society.
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Maintain social distancing.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth as much as you can.
- Practice respiratory hygiene.
- If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early.
- Stay informed and follow the advice given by your healthcare provider.
That being said, I’ll share an image of how to properly wash your hands while listening to ‘Yummy by Justin Bieber’. I’d also suggest you share this post to make more people aware.
Have a lovely week!
Originally published on Omo Jegede Blog.